GreatFire July

News Sites Update

After Bloomberg was blocked in June, we are tracking whether other news websites will follow with great interest. Of particular interest is http://cn.nytimes.com - the Chinese version of the New York Times which was also launched in June. It has not yet been blocked. The Hong Kong edition of Yahoo! News was less lucky. http://hk.news.yahoo.com was blocked on July 3 and has stayed inaccessible in China since. Yahoo! China (http://cn.yahoo.com), which is hosted in China and operates under Chinese censorship regulations, is still working well though.

Bye-bye Slideshare

http://www.slideshare.net was blocked on July 11 and has stayed blocked since. This is the first time that Slideshare has been permantently blocked since we started monitoring access to it from China in March, 2011.

High-Profile Censorship On Weibo

任志强 , CEO of one of the largest real estate company in China, member of the CPPCC (Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference) and a Weibo profile with 9 million followers had his account temporarily blocked after posting tweets about the Beijing floods. He was unblocked shortly after. Less lucky was the US Consulate in Shanghai whose Weibo account was permanently shut down (full story). 

Censored Video Games

Some insiders reported on Baidu that video games without a special license from Chinese authority will be taken down from any website. The original story has since been deleted but a copy is shown here to the right. The game Political Machine 2008 was blocked on Weibo (weibo: 政治机器2008) though the similar terms weibo: 政治机器 and weibo: 政治机器2012 were not. We can't wait for the day the Chinese polical power struggles become a video game too.

Additionally, the online marketplace Taobao added to the censorship by not allowing any searches for the game Diablo (暗黑3暗黑破坏神diablo). Unlike the likes of Sina Weibo and Baidu, though, they don't admit to censoring but instead only display a message that nothing could be found.

More Glitches In The System

At around 11:00 pm on July 16 and 10:30 pm on July 31, the Great Firewall stopped some of its so called DNS poisoning. On both occasions, the DNS poisoning was back within a few hours. But for the duration of the incidents, it was possible to get correct IP addresses for high-profile blocked websites such as http://www.facebook.com and http://www.twitter.com. Most would still be inaccessible, though, since they are also blocked by IP addresses and by keyword filtering.

Another incident was that China Telecom users were unable to access any foreign websites from about 10:20 am to 10:40 am on July 27. Other ISPs such as China Unicom did not seem to be affected. This follows a similar outage in April this year, though this time it lasted for a shorter time period. Also it seemed to be more complete this time around, seemingly blocking all types of traffic to foreign servers.

Keywords Blocked

These keywords were not blocked in China before July 2012. From sometime in July and onwards, they have all been blocked. A total of 15 new keywords that we track were blocked in July, which compares to 231 keywords that were blocked in June.

  1. google: bloomberg
  2. google: 买通gov做靠山
  3. weibo: chen xi
  4. weibo: dafengqixi
  5. weibo: guo boxiong
  6. weibo: xijingping
  7. weibo: xizang
  8. weibo: 晚自习后
  9. weibo: 胡77
  10. weibo: 胡佳_(社活動家)
  11. weibo: 胡萝卜
  12. weibo: 警车被掀翻
  13. weibo: 阿扁对小胡
  14. weibo: 黄海ci胡

Keywords Unblocked

These keywords were all blocked in China before July 2012. From sometime in July and onwards, they have all been unblocked. A total of 42 keywords that we track were unblocked in July, which compares to 24 keywords that were unblocked in June. 20 of them contain the number 64, which is a reference to the June 4 massacre of 1989. It indicates that any mentioning of that event was deemed particularly sensitive around the time of the anniversary.

  1. weibo: 426社论
  2. weibo: 6420
  3. weibo: 64之 后
  4. weibo: 64之后
  5. weibo: 64之役
  6. weibo: 64二十周年
  7. weibo: 64历史
  8. weibo: 64历史
  9. weibo: 64平反
  10. weibo: 64式手枪
  11. weibo: 64手抢
  12. weibo: 64手枪
  13. weibo: 64旁见
  14. weibo: 64死难
  15. weibo: 64母亲
  16. weibo: 64真像
  17. weibo: 64纪念
  18. weibo: 64血案
  19. weibo: 64血腥
  20. weibo: 64诗集
  21. weibo: 64遇难
  22. weibo: GC党
  23. weibo: bbc
  24. weibo: gongchan当
  25. weibo: gongchan挡
  26. weibo: renquan
  27. weibo: ren权
  28. weibo: 丁关根
  29. weibo: 党下台
  30. weibo: 八大
  31. weibo: 占领重庆
  32. weibo: 发票代理
  33. weibo: 夜袭珍珠港美人受惊
  34. weibo: 宗教 迫害
  35. weibo: 暴动
  36. weibo: 朝鲜+兵变
  37. weibo: 枪声
  38. weibo: 法会
  39. weibo: 猥亵
  40. weibo: 盲人
  41. weibo: 纪念64
  42. weibo: 自焚

Foreign Websites Getting Faster

When we started monitoring websites in March, 2011, the average download speed of an Alexa Top 500 website not hosted in China was less than 13 kilobytes per second. As you can see in this graph, since then it's steadily increased and now stands at almost 18 kilobytes per second. This is still slow of course, but at least it's going in the right direction. Here's the source data.

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Tue, May 23, 2017

Is China establishing cyber sovereignty in the United States?

Last week Twitter came under attack from a DDoS attack orchestrated by the Chinese authorities. While such attacks are not uncommon for websites like Twitter, this one proved unusual. While the Chinese authorities use the Great Firewall to block harmful content from reaching its citizens, it now uses DDoS attacks to take down content that appears on websites beyond its borders. For the Chinese authorities, it is not simply good enough to “protect” the interests of Chinese citizens at home - in their view of cyber sovereignty, any content that might harm China’s interests must be removed, regardless of where the website is located.

And so last week the Chinese authorities determined that Twitter was the target. In particular, the authorities targeted the Twitter account for Guo Wengui (https://twitter.com/KwokMiles), the rebel billionaire who is slowly leaking information about corrupt Chinese government officials via his Twitter account and through his YouTube videos. Guo appeared to ramp up his whistle-blowing efforts last week and the Chinese authorities, in turn, ramped up theirs.

via https://twitter.com/KwokMiles/status/863689935798374401

Mon, Dec 12, 2016

China is the obstacle to Google’s plan to end internet censorship

It’s been three years since Eric Schmidt proclaimed that Google would chart a course to ending online censorship within ten years. Now is a great time to check on Google’s progress, reassess the landscape, benchmark Google’s efforts against others who share the same goal, postulate on the China strategy and offer suggestions on how they might effectively move forward.

flowers on google china plaque

Flowers left outside Google China’s headquarters after its announcement it might leave the country in 2010. Photo: Wikicommons.

What has Google accomplished since November 2013?

The first thing they have accomplished is an entire rebranding of both Google (now Alphabet) and Google Ideas (now Jigsaw). Throughout this blog post, reference is made to both new and old company names.

Google has started to develop two main tools which they believe can help in the fight against censorship. Jigsaw’s DDoS protection service, Project Shield, is effectively preventing censorship-inspired DDoS attacks and recently helped to repel an attack on Brian Krebs’ blog. The service is similar to other anti-DDoS services developed by internet freedom champions and for-profit services like Cloudflare.

Thu, Nov 24, 2016

Facebook: Please, not like this

Facebook is considering launching a censorship tool that would enable the world’s biggest social network to “enter” the China market. Sadly, nobody will be surprised by anything that Mark Zuckerberg decides to do in order to enter the China market. With such low expectations, Facebook is poised to usurp Apple as China’s favorite foreign intelligence gathering partner. If the company launches in China using this strategy they will also successfully erase any bargaining power that other media organizations may hold with the Chinese authorities.

Tue, Jul 05, 2016

GreatFire.org now testing VPN speed and stability in China

There is a commonly held belief in China that if you have a VPN that works then you should keep quiet about it. In terms of freedom of access to information, the problem with this approach is that access to knowledge suddenly is a secret. Today we are launching a project that we hope will destroy that model.

Our newest website, Circumvention Central (CC), aims to provide real-time information and data about circumvention solutions that work in China. Since 2011, we have been collecting data about blocked websites in China and now we will add data about the effectiveness of VPNs and other circumvention tools.

We are launching CC with four main objectives in mind.

Our first objective is to help to grow the number of Chinese who circumvent censorship restrictions in China. By sharing our information and data about these tools, we hope to show a wider audience which circumvention tools are working.

Our second objective is to improve the circumvention experience for users in China by bringing transparency to tool performance. We will measure these tools on speed (how quickly popular websites are loaded) and on stability (the extent to which popular websites load successfully).

Sat, May 07, 2016

The New York Times vs. The Chinese Authorities

Could the New York Times be setting the best path forward for news organizations in China?
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